Stretching the calf muscles is an important part to reducing plantar fascia tension. The calf muscles, including the gastroc and soleus, attach to the back of the heel. Tension from these muscles pulls back on the heel, causing tension on the plantar fascia. A great way to stretch the calf the first thing in the morning, before you take your first steps, is to hook a towel on the ball of your foot and while keeping the knee straight pull back on the towel. Hold the stretch for a minimum of 30 seconds and repeat a few times. When the plantar fascia, a thick, fibrous band of connective tissue in the sole of the foot that supports the arch of the foot is inflamed, it causes plantar fascitis pain The plantar fascia runs from the ball of the foot to the heel. This band of tissue supports your full body weight when the feet are on the ground. Inflammation occurs when this tissue is stretched too far and tears. The effects of the stress can build up gradually or be the result of a sudden movement. Women have about four times as many foot problems as men; lifelong patterns of wearing high heels often are the culprit. The diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is usually made by clinical examination alone. The clinical examination may include checking the patient's feet and watching the patient stand and walk. The clinical examination will take under consideration a patient's medical history, physical activity, foot pain symptoms and more. The doctor may decide to use Imaging studies like radiographs, diagnostic ultrasound and MRI. How will my podiatrist know it is capsulitis? This condition may often be confused with Morton's Neuroma, which has similar symptoms, so it is crucial that you get an accurate diagnosis from a podiatrist. Your podiatrist will manipulate the affected area to produce symptoms and X-rays will be ordered. When running and walking, you are meant to push off with your big toe, but because the metatarsal is shorter in this case. It cannot perform its role as well as it should, subsequently the second toe has to bear some of the weight. This then causes a shift of weight which leads to leg, knee, hip and spinal misalignment difficulties. A foot specialist may also be able to create a custom soft orthotic for you that will raise the head of the first metatarsal and provide more forefoot control. This also assists with any misalignment problem you may be experiencing. According to the Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists, painful foot problems may be inherited, develop from illnesses during middle age or result from the pressure of ill-fitting shoes. Foot conditions and symptoms vary in severity, but most can be treated using a conservative approach. Foot and ankle health is important, as foot structure and function affect the other joints of the lower extremity and spine. Common, painful foot conditions include plantar fasciosis, Morton's neuroma and tarsal tunnel syndrome. Plantar Fasciosis There are times when you’re walking that the pressure on your feet exceeds your body weight, and when you’re running, it can be three or four times your weight. Treatment involves identifying and addressing the cause of the problem. In many cases it is a combination of faulty foot mechanics, poor quality shoes and an change or increase in a training regimen or recent weight gain. Orthotics should be used to control abnormal foot motion and disperse pressure more evening. Shoe should be rigid along the sole, only bend in the toe area, have at least a 1/2 heel and have adequate support. Calf stretches or night splints can be used for those with tight calves to eliminate the heel lifting early during walking. A pain in foot often indicates that there is something wrong with the interaction of internal structures of the foot as the foot is the foundation of athletic movements of the lower human body. Pain is an unpleasant feeling that tells us there is something wrong in our body system and pain in foot can signify how the foot is interacting with its internal influences. read more Rarely, surgery to realign the metatarsal bones is required. As with all surgery, there are both risks and benefits to be weighed before a decision is made. Surgery normally involves cutting through the metatarsal bone and pinning it into its corrected position. Other symptoms include specific pin point pain at the heel, which often is easily noted. The pain often worsens as the day continues and is very quickly alleviated with rest. Also, the pain may progressively worsen over a period of months. Certain shoes may aggravate the condition as well. Obesity, shoe gear, work conditions , and foot type can all play a role in its development. The feet are much too important to simply bind, adorn and hide. The foot is designed to be our connection to Earth. The sensations received by the foot on the ground create body awareness not unlike the input received by the senses.